IoT: Future-proofing Device Communications
The Internet of Things (IoT) is a real game-changer and has the potential to transform and improve our lives, bringing with it the combination of connected devices and intelligent data. The industry is already making strides towards increased interconnectivity with research and analysis firm, IDC, estimating that IoT spending will grow to $8.9 trillion by 2020. IDC also expects the installed base of the IoT to grow to 212 billion "things" globally by the end of 2020, which will include 30.1 billion installed "connected (autonomous) things" driven by smart systems that will be installed and collect data across both consumer and enterprise applications.
The rapidly increasing number of devices – in the home and workplace – and the growing delivery of low power interconnectivity are undoubtedly factors driving the IoT revolution. Coupled with the need for multi-vendor interoperability, and ease of use and self-install, IoT provides a tremendous opportunity for innovation and growth by bringing together people, processes, data and devices.
As exciting as the overall opportunity for the IoT market is, harmonizing the growing number of vertical segments is paramount. Owing to the previous absence of standardization and with convenience and cost in mind, many IoT projects were built vertically. Devices and connectivity were provided by a single vendor, with little or no consideration for interoperability with products from other vendors, leading to fragmentation of the market. The lack of compatibility hobbled network flexibility and functionality, ultimately limiting consumer choice in the rapidly emerging market.
All of the greatest IoT opportunities – from the connected home, out-and-about mobile interactions, smart meters, the connected car, and smart grid to personal wellness and connected health – have been driven from a vertical market perspective. However, the Internet of Things requires interoperability over the internet regardless of verticals. Nobody wants different solutions for their smart home, mobile phone and connected car. By definition all the ‘things’ should be internetworked.
Furthermore, users expect fully secure and private access to data and applications anywhere, anytime and on any platform. They increasingly expect to read, analyse and control every network or device from every other network or device. Only the individual user can determine which software versions and operating systems are used. Without multi-vendor interoperability, things might simply come to a grinding halt and the user experience will be, to say the least, unsatisfactory.
To become truly successful, the IoT requires an open means for allowing devices to find one another and communicate. Data has to be able to flow freely between countless applications and platforms onto any device. In telecom, we’re witnessing a vast uptake of mobile devices, Web 2.0 software and social networking. For office networks, it’s the uptake of portable computing, apps and the introduction of new – mobile and offsite – ways of working.
The role of UPnP
To address the vertical challenge, manufacturers need to agree on a limited number of open standards. With billions of devices already deployed and open source implementations on virtually every operating system and in every programming language, UPnP technology is already one of these key standards. The UPnP standard is vendor-neutral and already provides the foundation to complement a variety of management gateways and device control scenarios, incorporating well-vetted mechanisms for security, discovery and service advertisement. UPnP core technology provides a base for IoT, creating bridges to both wide-area networks and non-IP devices. With the recent introduction of UPnP+ by the UPnP Forum, the technology is ready to lead the way for the IoT.
UPnP+ is an evolution of previous UPnP capabilities that will assist devices attempting to integrate new paradigms, such as mobile connected computing, cloud-based service delivery, smartphone content sharing, and the IoT. It provides an improved, seamless experience for the consumer and creates new values and opportunities for manufacturers, developers and integrators. It leverages existing UPnP protocols and takes them into the cloud to bridge the IoT, while continuing to support legacy UPnP devices.
It supports the implementation of web browser controls for a wide range of functions, ensuring future connectivity and making new services possible in areas such as health and fitness, energy management, sensor management, security and sustainability. UPnP+ incorporates IPv6 and has capabilities for discovering cloud services and new grouping/pairing capabilities. It includes a host of enhancements and delivers an improved baseline for interoperability.
The next-generation UPnP+ standard takes a step beyond consumer media devices and is focused on delivering new technical capabilities to enhance product functionality and provide a more sophisticated, intuitive and deeper user experience across platforms. It takes a step forward to address tomorrow’s connectivity requirements to remove boundaries and enable full device and network compatibility for new and exciting experiences.
Achieving total interconnectivity
The pace of development in IoT is astonishing and represents a huge opportunity for the industry as a whole. However the lack of standards and interoperability between vendors, combined with the proliferation of innovative services, leaves many users flipping between a multitude of applications, or frustrated at the lack of support on their platforms.
As more and more connected devices join the IoT ecosystem, the industry needs to focus on providing safe, reliable interoperable access to services and information regardless of the vertical segment or vendor. Inter-device standardization is a vital requirement and with UPnP+, total interconnectivity and limitless functionality can be achieved, enabling the Internet of Things to reach its potential.
Scott Lofgren serves as the UPnP Forum President, as well as participating in many of the working committees. He is a 29-year Intel veteran, reporting to the Intel NTG CTO office. He has held other industry consortia positions, including DLNA Board and Directors Alternate and Advisory Council Chair, OIPF Board of Directors, and Founder and Chairman of the EoU PC Quality Roundtable.
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Calendar of Events
2019 IEEE International Conference on Internet of Things and Intelligence System (IoTaIS)
5-7 November 2019
"IoT and the mmWave Frontier", an IEEE IoT Vertical and Topical Summit, co-located with IEEE RWW2020
26-27 January 2020
San Antonio, TX, USA
IEEE 6th World Forum on Internet of Things (WF-IoT)
5-9 April 2020
New Orleans, LA, USA
Call for Papers
Special Issue on Internet of Things for Smart Ocean
Submission Deadline: 1 November 2019
Special Issue on Software Engineering Research and Practices for the Internet of Things
Submission Deadline: 15 October 2019
Special Issue on Deep Reinforcement Learning for Emerging IoT Systems
Submission Deadline: 1 October 2019