IoT and COVID-19
COVID-19 has impacted countries, communities, and individuals in countless ways, from business and school closures to job losses not to undermined loss of lives. As governments scramble to address these problems, different solutions based on technologies like IoT have sprung up to help in dealing with this worldwide health crisis. As a result, COVID-19 may well have been the ultimate catalyst of the Internet of Things (IoT) .
Internet of Things (IoT) platforms revenue will reach $66 billion in 2020, a 20% increase over last year’s figure. The increase in revenue will be generated, for example, by businesses seeking greater resilience in areas including supply chain and asset management, against external factors such as the disruption caused by the global COVID-19 pandemic. That will enable the IoT market to overcome the anticipated widespread economic disruption over 2020 and beyond. Meanwhile, connected solutions are proving their worth in today’s crisis, making them a critical part of many organizations near-term technology roadmap .
Figure 1: IoT and COVID-19.
In the following, we summarize some of the areas where IoT will flourish because of COVID-19 impact.
IoT & WFH
IoT essentially consists of 4 components: Sensors, Networks, Cloud, and Applications (SNCA), and COVID-19 pushed their adoption and implementation to the max with the sudden pivot of many companies to Work From Home (WFH) option. Even before the pandemic, the IoT technologies that were of most interests to companies were sensors (84%), data processing (77%), and cloud platforms (76%). Remote working has been the standard for many companies for the last few months and will continue to be so wherever possible. It offers more flexibility, less time wasted on home-work trips, it allows companies to save on physical spaces, and to have teams working in different locations, IoT connected devices will make it a more appealing and easy option for many organizations .
IoT & Blockchain
With Blockchain we can share any transaction/information, real-time, between relevant parties present as nodes in the chain in a secure and immutable fashion. In this case, had there been a blockchain network where WHO, Health Ministry of each country, and maybe even relevant nodal hospitals of each country, were connected, sharing real-time information, about any new communicable disease, then the world might have woken up much earlier. We might have seen travel restrictions given sooner, quarantining policies set sooner and social distancing implemented faster. And maybe fewer countries would have got impacted.
What every country is doing now fighting this pandemic, would have been restricted to fewer countries and on a much smaller scale. The usage of a Blockchain to share the information early on might have saved the world a lot of pain and deaths. This is an area where IoT and Blockchain converged, with all the info. coming from the sensors/nodes and traveling over available networks to be processed in the cloud and presented via applications in the hands of health workers and authorities, blockchain will secure the data all the way .
IoT & E-Commerce
With the disruption of supply chain networks because of COVID-19, inventory control was one of the biggest challenges retailers and wholesalers had to face during lockdown – and this difficulty may continue until the end of the year. But indisputably, companies that were already using NFC labels for example to control inventory in and out of warehouses have had this task made easier. On the other hand, the track & trace systems used by some carrier companies have proved essential to keep the e-commerce in full operation and to manage the delays in deliveries in real-time. In other words, IoT has become a way to offer a faster and more transparent service to the final consumer. If the containment changes our consumption habits, this could be one of the new demands.
IoT & Telemedicine
COVID-19 pandemic will kickstart IoT adoption in many sectors but especially in the healthcare sector, keeping in mind the strain on healthcare systems caused by the crisis has brought into focus the potential efficiency benefits that can be gained from remote monitoring in healthcare. The sector has been historically slow to integrate IoT technologies into its ecosystem, however, current researches anticipate that the continuing pandemic will drive the adoption of remote monitoring to minimize public interactions .
The healthcare institutes in the world are facing difficulties in providing medical care and reducing the risk of exposure. Emphasis on contactless medical care drives the healthcare centers to look up to the IoT solution providers for an effective approach to tackle diseases.
The Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) along with cloud technologies and AI offers an opportunity to help healthcare professionals to monitor their patients, access the data and provide treatment from a remote location, this is possible by using devices like smart thermometers, smart wearables, track and trace apps, robots, and smart medical devices .
Ahmed Banafa has extensive experience in research, operations and management, with a focus on IoT, Blockchain, Cybersecurity and AI. His researches cited in studies by international organizations like NATO, WTO, and APEC. He is a reviewer and a technical contributor for the publication of several technical books. He served as an instructor at well-known universities and colleges, including Stanford University, University of California, Berkeley; California State University-East Bay; San Jose State University; and University of Massachusetts. He is the recipient of several awards, including Distinguished Tenured Staff Award, Instructor of the year for 4 years in a row, and Certificate of Honor from the City and County of San Francisco. He was named as No.1 tech voice to follow, technology fortune teller and influencer by LinkedIn in 2018 by LinkedIn, his research featured in many reputable sites and magazines including Forbes, IEEE and MIT Technology Review, and Interviewed by ABC, CBS, NBC, CNN, BBC, NPR and Fox TV and Radio stations. He is a member of the MIT Technology Review Global Panel. He studied Electrical Engineering at Lehigh University, Cybersecurity at Harvard University and Digital Transformation at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He is the author of the books: “Secure and Smart Internet of Things (IoT) using Blockchain and Artificial Intelligence (AI)”, and “Blockchain Technology and Applications” . Winner of Author & Artist Award 2019 of San Jose State University for "Secure and Smart IoT" Book."
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2020 International Conference on Recent Advances in Intelligent Computational Systems (IEEE RAICS 2020) - Virtual
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