IEEE WF-IoT Session: An Online Sequential Extreme Learning Machine Approach to WiFi Based Indoor Positioning

Han Zou, EXQUISITUS, Centre for E-City, School of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Nanyang Technologic & Berkeley Education Alliance for Research in Singapore Limited, Singapore; Hao Jiang, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; Xiaoxuan Lu, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; Lihua Xie, University of Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Developing Indoor Positioning System (IPS) has become an attractive research topic due to the increasing demands on Location Based Service (LBS) in indoor environment recently. WiFi technology has been studied and explored to provide indoor positioning service for years since existing WiFi infrastructures in indoor environment can be used to greatly reduce the deployment costs. A large body of WiFi based IPSs adopt the fingerprinting approach as the localization algorithm. However, these WiFi based IPSs suffer from two major problems: the intensive costs on manpower and time for offline site survey and the inflexibility to environmental dynamics. In this paper, we propose an indoor localization algorithm based on online sequential extreme learning machine (OS-ELM) to address these problems accordingly. The fast learning speed of OS-ELM can reduce the time and manpower costs for the offline site survey, and more importantly, its online sequential learning ability enables the proposed localization algorithm to automatically and timely adapt to the environmental dynamics. The experimental results show that the proposed localization algorithm can provide higher localization accuracy than traditional approaches due to its fast adaptation to various environmental changes.



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